Arne Jacobsen (1902 - 1971)
It was the Ant chair designed in 1952 that propelled Arne Jacobsen into furniture history. Jacobsen originally designed the Ant chair with three legs, which he saw as the optimum way to ensure a firm footing and avoid tangling with the legs. However, the 4 legged version was manufactured at the same time and has since become the most common type.
Arne Jacobsen (1902-1971) was a Danish Jewish architect and designer and exemplar of the "Danish Modern" style. Jacobsen has created a number of highly original chairs and other furniture, wining several international distinctions and medals along the way.
Many of his furniture designs have become classic, including the Ant chair (shown above). He was very productive both as an architect and as a designer. At the end of the 50s Arne Jacobsen designed the Royal Hotel in Copenhagen, and for that project the Egg, the Swan, the Swan sofa and Series 3300.
He is perhaps best known for the Model 3107 chair of 1955, known also at the "Number 7 Chair" which has sold over 5 million copies. A copy of the Number 7 chair was used as the prop to hide Christine Keeler's nakedness in Lewis Morley's iconic portrait of 1963. A hand hold aperture is the most obvious distinguishing difference between the copy and the original Number 7 chair - this was a ploy to avoid the legalities of copyright.
Arne Jacobsen's other visible contribution to pop culture was his flatware design, with right & left handed spoons in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Arne Jacobsen was and is an admired and outstanding designer. While the significance of Arne Jacobsen's buildings was less appreciated, his furniture and other design work have become national and international heritage.